Naučna istraživanja


Great-Serbian aggressor and its collaborators committed the crime of genocide in the territory of Sarajevo as well, particularly in Sarajevo under siege, one of the “strategic objectives of Serbian people in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, territory of the United Nations (UN Safe Areas). The coordinated, long-lasting, widespread, and systematic deliberate shelling campaign (by weapons for nonselective shelling such as mortars, guided missiles, and artillery) was pursued in Sarajevo under siege in water and food queues, markets places, schools, university, hospitals, trams, buses, streets, residential places, at work, during funerals. The civilian areas, facilities, and civilian population were exposed to artillery, mortar and infantry firearms activities. The shelling and sniper activity killed or injured thousands of civilians, both genders and all age groups, particularly children, women, and the elderly people. Only in the territory of Sarajevo under siege, from April 1992 to December 1995, the total number of killed, murdered, and those who died, according to the ICTY research, amounts to 18,889 people. In difficult living conditions in Sarajevo under siege, and the widespread and systematic attack at civilians and civilian population and civilian facilities (by 2169 large caliber shells, armor-piercing shells, multiple rocket launchers, incendiary projectiles, non-selective and sniper fire, and other weapons), in addition to everyday permanent killing, injuring, and other forms of crimes against humanity and international law, the physical and psychological state of population deteriorated, which among other things enhanced their suffering and anguish.